Traditional Irish Colcannon

Colcannon, a beloved Irish dish, marries the simplicity of potatoes and cabbage with the rich flavors of butter and bacon, creating a comforting and satisfying meal. This traditional recipe brings warmth to any table, blending the creamy texture of mashed potatoes with the slight crunch of cabbage and the savory bite of bacon. It’s a testament to the power of simple ingredients coming together to create something truly special.

Whether you’re celebrating St. Patrick’s Day, looking for a cozy winter meal, or simply in the mood for some hearty comfort food, this Colcannon recipe is sure to please. It’s easy to make, yet rich in flavor and history, offering a delicious way to connect with Irish culinary traditions. Serve it as a side to your favorite meat dish or enjoy it on its own for a fulfilling meal that feels like a hug in a bowl.

Full Recipe:


  • 3 large russet potatoes, peeled and cut into large chunks
  • 3 large Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled and chunked
  • 7 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1/2 cup heavy cream or whole milk
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 1/2 head green cabbage, chopped
  • 6 slices crispy cooked bacon, coarsely chopped
  • Kosher salt and fresh ground black pepper


  1. Place potatoes in a large saucepan with enough lightly salted water to cover. Bring to a boil over medium-high heat. Reduce the heat and simmer for 15 to 20 minutes or until fork tender. Drain well, making sure to remove excess water. Add 4 tablespoons butter and cream. Cover the pot and let the butter melt.
  2. Meanwhile, melt 2 tablespoons of butter in a large skillet over medium heat. Add the onion and cook until tender. Add cabbage and cook until tender and lightly browned on the edges, approximately 7-8 minutes.
  3. Mash potatoes with a potato masher and gently stir in the cabbage mixture and half of the chopped bacon. Season with kosher salt and fresh ground black pepper to taste. Top with the remaining chopped bacon. Transfer to a serving bowl. Cut the remaining tablespoon of butter into pats. Make a small well on top and add the remaining butter.

Prep Time: 10 minutes | Cooking Time: 30 minutes | Total Time: 40 minutes

Kcal: 350 kcal | Servings: 10 servings


Origins and Cultural Significance

Colcannon is a classic Irish dish with roots deeply embedded in Irish history and culture. It traditionally consists of mashed potatoes mixed with kale or cabbage, with added flavors from ingredients like onions, leeks, and sometimes, meat such as bacon or ham. The name “Colcannon” is believed to derive from the Gaelic term “cál ceannann,” meaning “white-headed cabbage.” It’s a dish that symbolizes comfort and warmth and is often associated with Halloween in Ireland. There’s even an old Irish song about Colcannon, highlighting its place in the heart of Irish culinary traditions.

Nutritional Value

This dish is not only rich in flavor but also offers various nutritional benefits. Potatoes are a good source of vitamins C and B6, potassium, and carbohydrates, providing energy. Cabbage adds dietary fiber, vitamin K, vitamin C, and antioxidants. When using ingredients like milk, butter, and bacon, you get added protein and calcium, but also increased fat content. For a healthier version, you can substitute with low-fat milk or a plant-based alternative and use less butter or a healthier fat option like olive oil.


  • Vegan Colcannon: Substitute the butter and cream with vegan alternatives like olive oil and almond or soy milk. You can also use vegan bacon bits or omit the bacon for a plant-based version.
  • Kale Colcannon: Replace the cabbage with kale for a different flavor profile and an extra nutritional boost.
  • Leek and Garlic Colcannon: Add sautéed leeks and garlic to the mash for a more aromatic version.
  • Cheesy Colcannon: Stir in some grated cheese like sharp cheddar or Irish cheddar into the mash for a cheesy twist.

Serving Suggestions

Colcannon is traditionally served as a side dish but can easily become a main course with a few additions. For a heartier meal, consider folding in cooked, shredded chicken or serving alongside roasted or grilled meats. It’s also perfect for making in advance for holidays or family gatherings, as the flavors tend to meld and deepen when reheated.

Fun Fact

An old Irish Halloween tradition involves hiding a ring in the Colcannon. The person who finds it is said to be the next to marry. This fun practice is a nod to the dish’s cultural significance and its role in Irish celebrations.


Colcannon is a versatile, comforting dish that embodies the simplicity and warmth of Irish cooking. Whether you stick to the traditional recipe or experiment with variations, it offers a delicious way to bring a piece of Ireland into your kitchen. Its ease of preparation and heartwarming qualities make it a favorite for any occasion, especially during the colder months or festive celebrations.


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